Museum of Deportation
The Museum of Deportation is a place of remembrance, dedicated to the memory of what happened in the Nazi concentration camps. It was inaugurated in 2002 at Prato, in the hamlet of Figline, where on 6 September 1944 29 partisans were hung by a retreating Wehrmacht unit. The museum owes its existence to some local survivors, all member of ANED [National Association of Former Deportees] and their untiring testimony, and to Prato's municipal authorities. Together, they created an institution that promotes the cultural and civic growth of its young citizens, and even of those not quite so young. Taking as its starting point the experiences of Tuscan factory workers arrested by Nazi-Fascists after the general strike in March 1944 and deported to the concentration camp of Mauhausen in Austria and its sub-camps of Ebensee, Gusen and Melk, the museum looks also at the story of millions of men and women, caught in roundups all over Europe, deported for racial or political reasons, according to the plan for the enslavement and annihilation of entire peoples set in motion during World War II by the Third Reich.
The visit to the museum has been conceived as a symbolic through a Nazi concentration camp. On display are original objects, and come from the camps and from the factories in the galleries that the prisoners themselves excavated in the mountains near Ebensee. Other exhibits are replicas, made because the few men who survived felt the need, after they returned home, to bear witness to the cruel treatment received in the camp and to the horrific conditions of slave labour. The visit includes written and oral testimonies and several documentaries on deportation.
In September 2010, a new and modern audio-visual exhibition titled "With my very eyes - voices and faces of survivors of the Nazi concentration and extermination camps"
was inaugurated. The exhibition consists of seven videos with direct audio transmission to the headphones, which are distributed to the visitors. In the films, witnesses appear - Jewish survivors of the genocide and political prisoners (mainly from Tuscany), but also Romani people, homosexuals and Jehovah's witnesses - who report their experiences. The exhibition is segmented thematically into seven sections where the various aspects of the deportation (like arrival, life and death in the camp, selections and extermination) are illustrated.